Attractive Algorithmic Housing for Shanghai Residences
Shanghai was chosen as the location for this study because it is affected by extreme poverty, social segregation, and lack of housing developments. The city has two radically different faces. The rich and polished and the poor and crammed, who live with a population density of less than 15 square meters per person. These problems are the result of a massive influx of people with very low income, who constitute over 60 per cent of its population. Two age groups are especially affected throughout the city. Young adults with little capital to invest and elderly residents that cannot continue working in the physically demanding labor market.
The design process involved the definition of six different algorithms from previously studied urban forces mapped onto a three dimensional model, as a set of dynamic surfaces that constitute the basic ecosystem for a residential district. The residential environment is not seen as ratios and surface areas, but as three dimensional spaces. In the Shanghai project the model was broken down into four main categories, including existing residential, new residential, commerce, and recreational areas.
The six urban algorithms used in the project are commercial activity, transit system, boundaries, population density, building height, and recreational areas. The data generated by the algorithms is transformed into architecture by another set of rules that translates the information into building code for material, structural, and formal analysis.